Transport network includes rail, road, and air transport.
As of January 1, 2011, length of railway track in use makes up 133 km, while the stretch of public paved roads is 5,894 km.
The main trunk is Moscow – Rostov-on-Don – Baku.
The main motor trunk road is "Caucasus" federal road.
International and local airlines operate through the Nalchik airport.
Key performance indicators of transport of the Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria, 2011*
|Type of transport||Volume of cargo traffic, th. tons||Cargo turnover, mil. tons-km||Passenger traffic, mil. passenger-km|
*Per data of local branch of Rosstat