MINERALS

The NCFD contains 41% of Russia's discovered reserves of tungsten, 11% of its molybdenum, up to 2% of its copper, lead, zinc and titanium, 4.8% of its oil and 2.1% of its gas.

 

The largest reserves of tungsten ores are situated in the Karachay-Cherkess Republic and the Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria, while largest reserves of molybdenum ores are situated in the Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria. The largest copper deposit in the NCFD is the Kizil-Dere deposit in the Republic of Dagestan, containing 1.4% of Russia's total copper reserves. The largest zinc deposits are located in the Republic of North Ossetia-Аlania, the Karachay-Cherkess Republic and the Republic of Dagestan.

 

In terms of remaining reserves most of the deposits are small, since most of them are almost depleted. All lead deposits in the NCFD are located in the Republic of North Ossetia-Аlania. Oil reserves are primarily located in the Chechen Republic. The most promising titanium and zirconium deposits are the Beshpagirskoye and Pravoberezhnoye placer deposits in the Stavropol Krai, with a total area of about 1,700 square kilometers. Titanium and zirconium are critical strategic resources: ilmenite, rutile and zirconium concentrates are not produced in the Russian Federation and these ores are entirely exported. The Stavropol Krai, the Republic of Dagestan and the Chechen Republic produce natural gas and gas condensate. Mining and quarrying of mineral resources in the NCFD, other than of fuel and energy resources, includes:

 

  • Operation of gravel and sand pits in all regions with the greatest output in the Stavropol Krai and the Republic of Dagestan
  • Extraction and beneficiation of copper ore (the Karachay-Cherkess Republic); quarrying of limestone, gypsum, and chalk (the Karachay-Cherkess Republic and the Republic of North Ossetia-Аlania)
  • Extraction of precious metal ores and sand: gold, silver and platinum group metals (the Republic of Karachayevo-Cherkess)
  • quarrying of ornamental and building stone (the Republic of Dagestan and the Stavropol Krai)
  • Mining of clay and kaolin (the Republic of Ingushetia); extraction of precious and semi-precious stones
  • Mining and quarrying of natural abrasives, pumice stone, asbestos, mica, quartz and other nonmetallic minerals not elsewhere classified (the Republic of Dagestan)