ELECTRICITY SECTOR OF THE NCFD

The demand for electricity in the NCFD during 2011-2018 (considering 2011 report) is expected to increase at the rate of 3.1% a year on average. Electricity consumption in the NCFD by 2018 will reach 27.733 bln. kW·h.


Key electrical energy balance indicators, bln. kW·h

Indicator 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
1.
Demand (electricity consumption)
22,90
23,46
24,14
24,91
25,76
26,49
27,12
27,73
2.
Rate of increase, %
5,66
2,50
2,90
3,20
3,40
2,80
2,40
2,30
3.
Supply (production of electricity)
24,77
25,51
26,74
27,44
26,36
27,82
28,88
29,77
4.
Rate of increase, %
-0,96
3,00
4,90
2,60
-4,00
5,60
3,80
3,10
5.
Balance
1,87
2,04
2,60
2,53
0,59
1,32
1,77
2,03

During the period in question the NCFD will continue to have electricity surplus and transmit it to adjacent power grids of the Southern Federal District (Kuban and Kalmykia power grids).

 

NCFD long-term power balance, MW

Unified Energy System of South 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
1.
Demand (own maximum capacity)
4 069,00
4 151,00
4 257,00
4 352,00
4 503,00
4 600,00
4 722,00
4 838,00
2.
Supply (installed capacity)
6 871,60
6 878,60
7 299,60
7 321,40
6 993,60
7 414,80
7 422,20
7 776,90
3.
Balance
2 802,60
2 727,60
3 042,60
2 969,40
2 490,60
2 814,80
2 700,20
2 938,90

Energy systems of Russia's regions included into in the NCFD operate synchronously in parallel as a part of the Unified Energy System of South. According to the Russia's Unified Energy System Development Scheme and Program for 2012–2018 (UES DSP) approved by Order No.387 of Ministry of Energy of Russia of 13.08.2012, by 2018 surplus capacity of the Unified Energy System (UES) of South is planned to reach 1,483 MW taking into account capacities to be commissioned with high probability.


Total investments in the electricity sector of the NCFD for 2012-2014 in accordance with approved investment programs of energy companies

Name 2012 plan 2013 plan 2014 plan Total
1.
TGK-8 Southern Generating Company, OJSC
5 398,89
9 829,93
4 440,47
19 669,29
2.
OGK-2 Stavropol SDPP, OJSC
400,11
277,43
284,13
1 267,76
3.
OGK-5 Nevinnomyssk SDPP, OJSC
1 035,81
128,71
59,00
1 223,52
4.
OGK-6 Nonocherkassk SDPP-1, OJSC
472,79
456,10
358,11
1 286,99
5.
TOTAL generating companies
7 307,60
10 692,16
5 141,71
23 447,57
6.
Federal Grid Company of the Unified Energy System of Russia, OJSC
4 947,82
5 877,70
6 717,71
17 543,23
7.
North Caucasus IDC, OJSC
7 252,00
5 069,00
4 457,00
16 778,10
8.
Nurenergo, OJSC
296,00
590,00
590,00
1 475,80
9.
TOTAL distribution companies
12 495,55
11 353,43
11 765,16
35 797,13
10.
RusHydro, OJSC
15 737,00
16 990,00
9 762,00
42 489,00
11.
TOTAL
35 540,15
39 218,59
26 668,87
101 733,70

Profile of the North Caucasus IDC Investment Program (approved by Order No.253 of the Ministry of Energy of Russia of 11.05.2012)

Name 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Total
1.
Financing, mil. RUR
7 251,92
5 068,73
4 457,45
5 007,83
5 313,54
5 549,54
32 649,01
2.
Including the Integrated Excess Loss Reduction Action Program (from the federal budget)
3 438,78
736,13

 

 

 

 

4 174,92
3.
Commissioned capacities, MVA
336,50
318,60
290,70
443,10
185,00
344,54
1 918,90
4.
Commissioned power grids, km
599,90
441,80
533,70
616,00
586,20
778,44
3 556,25

List of NCFD power plants

Name NCFD constituent, NCFD constituent, location Description
1.
Irganai HPP
Republic of Dagestan, Svetlogorsk rural settlement (Shamilkala) on the Avarsk Koisu River
HPP facilities include: Pebble-fill dam with a 111 m asphalt concrete core wall and crest length of 317 m. Dam coordinates: 42°41′37″ of north latitude and 46°50′10″ of east longitude (G) (O); Water intake; Two diversion tunnels 5.2 km each; Underground surge chambers; Composite steel-reinforced concrete penstocks; HPP building.
2.
Kuban HPP-3
Stavropol Krai, Kaskadniy rural settlement, Andropovskiy District
It is also named Barsuchkovskaya HPP-3 (HPP-III). The HPP construction began in 1962, the first hydroelectric unit was commissioned in 1971. The HPP is of diversion type. Mode of operation is peak loads per predefined schedule. HPP facilities include: Control gate No.5 on the Bolshoi Sravropolskiy channel; Daily pondage basin; Water intake; Penstocks; HPP building; Tail race; Spillway; Equalizing reservoir; Control gate No.6 on the Bolshoi Sravropolskiy channel; 35 kV outdoor switchgear; 110 kV outdoor switchgear; The HPP capacity is 87 MW, average annual capacity is 200.9 mln. kW•h. The HPP building houses three RO75/728v-V-250 radial-axial hydroelectric units of 29 MW capacity each operating at design head of 63 m. Manufacturer of hydraulic turbines is Turboatom, of generators is Uralelektrotyazhmash.
3.
Kuban HPP-4
Stavropol Krai, 26th kilometer of Barsuchkovsk outflow channel, Kochubeevskiy District
87 MW Kuban HPP-4, also known as Barsuchkovsk HPP-4, is a part of Barsuchkovsk HPPs.
4.
Chirurt HPPs
Republic of Dagestan, Sulak River, town of Kizilurt
The group is composed of three HPPs belonging to the Sulak HPP cascade.
5.
Kashkhatau HPP
Karachay-Cherkess Republic, Cherek River, Kashkhatau rural settlement
The HPP belongs to the Nizhe-Cherekskiy HPP cascade. The construction of the Kashkhatau HPP began in 1993 with official commissioning on December 26, 2010. It is designed as a diversion HPP and is integrated with the Aushiger HPP located downstream. It intakes water, filters it from sediments, and regulates daily flow for the cascade on the whole. The completion of the Kashkhatau HPP is a critical economic development goal of Kabardino Balkariya. The Kashkhatau HPP is a property of the Kabardino Balkariya branch of RusHydro, OJSC.
6.
Aushiger HPP
Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria, Cherek River
Aushiger HPP (Cherek HPP-1)
7.
Zelenchuk HPPs
Karachay-Cherkess Republic, Kuban River between Karachaevsk and Ust-Jeguda
This group includes operating HPPs, HPPs under construction and design on the Kuban River and its feeders. It comprises the following HPPs: Zelenchuk, Verkhne-Krasnogorsk and Nizhne-Krasnogorsk HPPs. The HPP construction began in 1976 and completed in 2006. It is designed as a diversion HPP with numerous channels and tunnels. HPP facilities include: Hydroelectric unit on the Bolshoi Zelenchuk River comprised of a flood spillway, 12 meter high fill dam, water intake, fish ladder; Bolshoi Zelenchuk – Khusa-Kardonik channel of 3.5 km long; Khusa-Kardonik – Marukha free-flow tunnel of 5.1 km long; Hydroelectric unit on the Marukha River with dam and water intake; 43°47′32.28″ north latitude and 41°39′38″ east longitude (G) (O) Marukha – Aksaut tunnel; Hydro unit on the Aksaut River with a dam and water intake; 43°47′33″ north latitude and 41°41′27″ east longitude (G) (O) Aksaut – Kardonik tunnel; 7.6 km long inverted siphon through the Kardonik River; Kardonik – Kumysh channel of 3.73 km long; 1.41 km long inverted siphon through the Kumysh River; Kumysh – DPB channel; 1.85 mln. m3 DPB (daily pondage basin); 43°51′56″ north latitude and 41°52′02″ east longitude (G) (O) 423 m long reinforced concrete pipeline (2 strings) 2,300 m long diversion tunnels; surge chamber; station races 525 m long; HPP building.
8.
Ezminsk HPP
Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Terek River
The construction of the Ezminsk HPP began in 1949, the first unit was commissioned in 1954, the HPP was put into continuous operation in 1955. The HPP is of diversion type and operates on water flow. HPP facilities include: 99.5 m long and 6.2 m high gravel-fill dam with fibercrete bulkhead wall as a screen and with concrete spillway; Outdoor water intake; Stilling basin; Diversion tunnel with free flow of 7,796 m long, 3.4 m wide, and 3.2 m high; 547 m diversion channel; Daily pondage basin of 322,000 m3 design capacity; Head pond with head bay and water intake; Trifurcated penstock of 329-352 m long; HPP building; 650 m long tail race; Spillway; 110/35/10 kV outdoor switchgear.
9.
Chirurt HPP-1
Republic of Dagestan, Sulak River between villages of Verkhniy Chirurt and Miatli
The HPP construction began in 1954 and completed in 1964. It is designed as a dam-diversion type HPP. HPP facilities include: Fill dam of 430 m long and maximum height of 37.5 m; Combined head of water intake and spillway; 3,458 m long diversion channel of 200 m³/s capacity; Station head unit with metal penstocks; HPP building; Tail race; Bottom outlet of 3,000 m³/s capacity
10.
Chirurt HPP-2
Republic of Dagestan, Sulak River
It is known as “Pioneer of Dagestan’. In a number of sources it is called Chir-Urt HPP-2. The HPP was designed by the Baku branch of Hydroproject Institute. The HPP construction began in 1959, the HPP was put into operation in 1964. It is of a diversion type and is located on the tailrace channel of the Chirurt HPP-1 and has no dam. HPP facilities include: 25 m long HPP building; Two side spillways combined with the HPP building; 30 m wide and 5 m deep tail race.
11.
Gelbakh HPP
Republic of Dagestan, Sulak River
The idea of the HPP is to use Sulak River’s flood water released from the existing Chirurt HPP-1 via bottom outlet. HPP facilities include: Siphon water intake cut into the existing bottom outlet; Penstock of two composite steel reinforced concrete pipelines of 140 m long; HPP building of barrage type; Tail race; 110 kV outdoor switchgear.
12.
Egorlyk HPP
Stavropol Krai, Egorlyk River, Sengileevskoye village, Shpakovskiy District
Egorlyk hydroelectric power plant (Egorlyk HPP-1) is located on the Egorlyk River near Sengileevskoye village of Shpakovskiy District, Stavropol Territory. The HPP construction began in 1956. The HPP was put into operation in 1962. Mode of operation is peak load operation according to predefined schedule. It is included into the group of Sengileevsk HPPs of Kuban HPP cascade. The HPP is designed as a barrage plant. HPP facilities include: Earth dam of maximum height of 33 m and crest width of 960 m; Headrace channel; Water intake; Two metal penstocks; HPP building; Tail race; Spillway with tower-type water intake and tail race; 110 kV outdoor switchgear
13.
Gilzedon HPP
Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Gilzedon River, Koban village, Progorodniy District
Built according to the plan of the State Commission for Electrification of Russia, Gilzedon HPP is the oldest operating HPP in the North Caucasus and is one of the oldest HPPs in Russia. At the time it was commissioned, Gilzedon HPP had the top high-head HPP in Europe, presently it is the top HPP with Pelton turbine hydroelectric units in Russia in terms of its head and capacity. Most of the HPP equipment have been in service since the HPP commissioning or over 70 years and continue operating till today. The Gilzedon HPP is a property of RusHydro, OJSC.
14.
Gergebil HPP
Republic of Dagestan, Karakoisu River, Kurmi village, Gergebilskiy District
The HPP construction began in 1930 and was substantially completed in 1940. It was renovated during 1956-1960 and 1989-1992. HPP facilities are located in narrow and deep canyon near the Kurmi village 5 km upstream the Karakoisu River from Gergebil village. The HPP is built as a dam with a riverside HPP building. HPP facilities include: Concrete arch-gravity dam with crest width of 76 m and 69.7 m high; Right-bank spillway; Left-bank free-flow spillway tunnel; Diversion tunnel; Shaft-type water intake; Power tunnel; Penstock; Tail race; Old HPP building with two hydroelectric units; new HPP building with three hydroelectric units; 35 kV outdoor switchgear
15.
Gunib HPP
Republic of Dagestan, Karakoisu River, Gunib District
The Gunib HPP named after Rasul Gamzatov is located on the Karakoisu River in the Gunib District of the Republic of Dagestan. The HPP construction began in 1995 and completed in 2005. The Gunib HPP is built as a concrete arch dam and represents one of few HPP of such type in Russia. Its installed capacity is 15 MW and it is considered small HPP according to Russia’s classification. The Gunib HPP is a property of the Dagestan branch of RusHydro, OJSC
16.
Sengileevsk HPP
Stavropol Krai, Egorlyk River, Priozerniy village, Shpakovskiy District
It is located on the 55th kilometer of Nevinnomysk channel near Priozerniy village of the Shpakovskiy District of the Stavropol Krai. The HPP construction began in 1949, the first hydroelectric unit was put into operation on December 22, 1953. The HPP is of diversion type and operates on water flow of the Nevinnomysk channel (basic mode of operation on flow). It has no reservoirs and daily pondage basins. The HPP capacity is 15 MW, average annual capacity is 77.6 mln. kW•h. Near the Sengileevsk HPP, on the end tail of the Nevinnomysk channel in Sengileevsk reservoir, a 10 MW HPP can be erected. HPP facilities include: headrace channel, water intake, penstock, HPP building, tail race. Investments required to the amount of $7.915 mil.
17.
Egorlyk HPP-2
Stavropol Krai, Egorlyk River, Levoegorlykskiy village, Isobilnenskiy District
The HPP construction began in 1994. The HPP was put into operation in 2010. Apart from electric power generation, it is designed to prevent Egorlyk River bed erosion and silting of the Novotroitsk reservoir. It belongs to the Sengileevsk HPP group of Kuban HPP cascade. The HPP is built as a dam (attached to the previously built dam of the Egorlyk HPP buffer reservoir) and operates on flow of the Egorlyk River regulated by the existing Egorlyk reservoir. HPP facilities include: Earth dam of Egorlyk HPP buffer reservoir; Overhanging spillway; Slotted spillway; Headrace channel; Water intake; Four penstocks; HPP building; Overflow dam; Tail race; 110 kV outdoor switchgear
18.
Svistukha HPP
Stavropol Krai, Svistukha village, Kochubeevskiy District
The HPP is located on the 12th kilometer of Nevinnomysk channel near Svistukha village of the Kochubeevskiy District of the Stavropol Krai. The HPP construction began before the WWII; as German troops approached, turbines and generators were taken away for the construction site, preserved and buried in steppe. The construction was resumed in 1943, phase I hydroelectric units were commissioned on August 10, 1948; in 1952 the HPP was put into operation at full capacity. The HPP is of diversion type, operates on the flow of Nevinnomysk channel (basic mode of operation is on flow) without dams, reservoirs and daily pondage basins. It belongs to the group of Barsuchkovsk HPP of the Kuban HPP cascade.
19.
Dzhaudzhikau HPP
Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Terek River, Vladikavkaz
Belongs to the Terek HPP cascade.
20.
Pavlodolskaya HPP
Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Terek River
The HPP is located on the Trek River upstream Mozdok. The HPP was commissioned in 1965. The HPP capacity is 2.64 MW, average annual capacity is 1.208 mln. kW•h. Design capacity factor of turbines is 0.53. The HPP building houses two PR 245\10-VB220 propeller-type hydroelectric units each with 1.32 MW capacity operating at design head of 7.5 m. The HPP equipment depreciation is 91%, current head does not meet the design head and is 3.5-5.8 m. Carried out modernization of HPP includes replacement of hydro turbine runners and hydro generator windings (in 2007-2008 unit 1 modernization was carried out using equipment supplied by Uralelektrotyazhmash-Uralgodromash, new runner was shipped in January 2008). It is a property of Pavlodolskaya HPP, OJSC which fully belongs to RusHydro, OJSC.
21.
Akhty HPP
Republic of Dagestan, Akhtychai River, Akhtynskiy District, near Akhty village
It is also called Small Akhty HPP. The HPP construction began in 1949. The HPP was put into operation in 1957 at capacity of 1.2 MW (2 hydroelectric units). In 1971, the HPP was shut down and abandoned. In 1990s it was decided to reconstruct it. In the course of reconstruction, water intake works and headrace channel were renovated, a new HPP building was erected, and new equipment was installed. In 1997, the first hydroelectric unit was put into operation, in 2001 two more units were installed. The HPP is of diversion type and has a 6 km headrace channel. The HPP capacity is 1.8 MW. Three 0.6 MW hydroelectric units were installed in the HPP building. The HPP capacity can be increased to 3 MW by adding two more 0.6 MW hydroelectric units.
22.
Kora-Ursdon HPP
Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Ursdon River, Kora-Ursdon rural settlement, Digorskiy District
Put into operation in 2000. It is designed as diversion HPP.
23.
Kislovodsk CHPP
Stavropol Krai, Kislovodsk
Address: Kislovodsk, Stavropol Krai, Russia, 357700 Telephone: (86537) 5-00-31; 5-14-37; 5-99-95; Fax: 5-14-37
24.
Stavropol SDPP
Stavropol Krai, Solnechnodolsk rural settlement
The HPP capacity allows exporting electricity abroad to Georgia and Azerbaijan. The maintenance of flow within permissible limits is guaranteed by the backbone grid of the Unified Energy System of South.
25.
Makhachkala CHPP
Republic of Dagestan, Makhachkala
The first unit of the Makhachkala CHPP was put into operation in December 1953, the last one in 1958 and the HPP reached the design capacity of 18 MW. - CHPP installed capacity – 18 MW - Average annual capacity – 62 mil. kW•h - Turbine installed capacity 1-3 — 6 MW - Pressure — 35 atm abs. - Steam generators 1-3 - TP-30, 4-6 - BKZ - Steam capacity 1-3 – 3*35 ton/h, 4-6 — 3*75 ton/h - Pressure 1-3- 19 atm abs., 4-6 — 40 atm abs. - Fuel type - 1-3 — gas, 4-6 – black oil.