AGRICULTURAL SECTOR

The area of agricultural lands is 222.2 thousand ha including 112.2 thousand ha of plough lands, 2.5 thousand ha of perennial plantings, 9.6 thousand ha of hayfields, and 97.9 thousand ha of grasslands.

 

The most common soils are chernozem in the steppe zone of the north part of the republic, medium thick chernozem in the forest-steppe zone of the south part of the republic, and mountain meadow soils in the mountain meadow zone.

 

Crop producers specialize in cereals, including wheat, oat, and barley, sugar beet, sunflowers, feed crops, fruits, and vegetables. Animal farming is represented by beef and dairy products, sheep and goat breeding. Tobacco production is also well-developed.

 

Self-sufficiency rate for agricultural products in 2011, %

Indicator Resources* Consumption Self-sufficiency
Eggs, mil. units
67,20
59,40
113,10
Vegetables, th. tons
28,30
35,70
79,20
Meat, th. tons
8,90
27,10
32,80
Milk, th. tons
78,20
81,60
95,80
Eggs, mil. units
10,30
63,70
16,20

*Resources are a sum of output and stock of crop and animal products as at the year beginning across all types of farms